>> What is Cryptography? Cryptography is the science of providing security for information. Cryptography involves creating written or generated codes that allow information to be kept secret. Cryptography converts data into a format that is unreadable for an unauthorized user, allowing it to be transmitted without anyone decoding it back into a readable format, thus keeping the data private. Cryptography also allows senders and receivers to authenticate each other through the use of key pairs. The Bitcoin protocol uses a pair of private and public keys for transactions (this will be explained more in upcoming lessons).

>> What is a Cypherpunk? A cypherpunk is someone who advocates cryptography as a strong tool for privacy, self-expression, social and political change. Cypherpunks have been active advocates of a decentralized state and pro-privacy movements since the 1980s. Bitcoin cypherpunks were one such group who envisioned the use of decentralized economic activity as a way to diminish the tyrannical role of the state and corporations.

>> ‘The Crypto Anarchist Manifesto’ by Timothy C. May 

>> ‘B-Money’ by Wei Dai 

>> ‘Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System’ by Satoshi Nakamoto 

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